Selecting a good toothbrush is the first step. You want to use a soft brush with a small head. These bristles are hard enough to remove plaque, yet gentle enough not to damage your teeth or gums.
The next step is to choose good toothpaste. Generally, any toothpaste containing Fluoride will do the job, unless your dentist has determined you have special needs such as sensitive teeth. Colgate Total and Crest Multicare are two of the best brands of toothpaste.
When brushing your teeth, the first rule is to begin from a specific place and work your way to the opposite side. You want to continue all the way through the entire mouth so that you end where you started. This ensures that no areas are missed. A pea-sized amount of toothpaste is sufficient. An adequate brushing should take at least 2 minutes;however, around 4 minutes is ideal.
While there are a number of brushing techniques, one of the most popular ones is illustrated below:
Hold the brush at a 45 degree angle toward the teeth and gums. Gently press against the gums so the tips of the bristles go in between the gum and the teeth. Make a few strokes from side to side, and then roll down the brush to sweep the plaque away from the teeth and gums. Repeat this motion 6 to 10 times and go on to the next area of 2 to 3 teeth. If your mouth is full of foam, spit out and continue brushing. You are finished brushing when you have brushed all the surfaces of your teeth, not when your mouth is full! Short strokes work best on chewing surfaces to get the plaque out of the grooves and pits. Holding your brush vertically when brushing the back side of your front teeth allows you to reach the teeth better.
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